Bộ đề thi và Đáp án ĐHCĐ khối D năm 2008

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Bộ đề thi và Đáp án ĐHCĐ khối D năm 2008

Bộ đề thi và Đáp án ĐHCĐ khối D năm 2008
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Bộ đề thi và Đáp án ĐHCĐ khối D năm 2008

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BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO ĐỀ THI TUYỂN SINH ĐẠI HỌC, CAO ĐẲNG NĂM 2008
Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH, khối D
ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC
Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút.
(Đề thi có 05 trang)

Mã đề thi 105

Họ, tên thí sinh:..........................................................................
Số báo danh:............................................................................
ĐỀ THI GỒM 80 CÂU (TỪ CÂU 1 ĐẾN CÂU 80) DÀNH CHO TẤT CẢ THÍ SINH.

Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi câu từ 1 đến 10.
Reading to oneself is a modern activity which was almost unknown to the scholars of the classical and
medieval worlds, while during the fifteenth century the term “reading” undoubtedly meant reading aloud. Only
during the nineteenth century did silent reading become commonplace.
One should be wary, however, of assuming that silent reading came about simply because reading aloud
was a distraction to others. Examinations of factors related to the historical development of silent reading have
revealed that it became the usual mode of reading for most adults mainly because the tasks themselves
changed in character.
The last century saw a steady gradual increase in literacy and thus in the number of readers. As the
number of readers increased, the number of potential listeners declined and thus there was some reduction in
the need to read aloud. As reading for the benefit of listeners grew less common, so came the flourishing of
reading as a private activity in such public places as libraries, railway carriages and offices, where reading
aloud would cause distraction to other readers.
Towards the end of the century, there was still considerable argument over whether books should be
used for information or treated respectfully and over whether the reading of materials such as newspapers was
in some way mentally weakening. Indeed, this argument remains with us still in education. However, whatever
its virtues, the old shared literacy culture had gone and was replaced by the printed mass media on the one
hand and by books and periodicals for a specialised readership on the other.
By the end of the twentieth century, students were being recommended to adopt attitudes to books and
to use reading skills which were inappropriate, if not impossible, for the oral reader. The social, cultural and
technological changes in the century had greatly altered what the term “reading” implied.

Câu 1: Reading aloud was more common in the medieval world because ______.
A. people relied on reading for entertainment
B. silent reading had not been discovered
C. there were few places available for private reading
D. few people could read to themselves
Câu 2: The word “commonplace” in the first paragraph mostly means “______”.
A. for everybody’s use B. most preferable C. attracting attention D. widely used
Câu 3: The development of silent reading during the last century indicated ______.
A. an increase in the average age of readers B. an increase in the number of books
C. a change in the nature of reading D. a change in the status of literate people
Câu 4: Silent reading, especially in public places, flourished mainly because of ______.
A. the decreasing need to read aloud B. the development of libraries
C. the increase in literacy D. the decreasing number of listeners
Câu 5: It can be inferred that the emergence of the mass media and specialised reading materials was an
indication of ______.
A. a decline of standards of literacy B. a change in the readers’ interest
C. an alteration in educationalists’ attitudes D. an improvement of printing techniques
Câu 6: The phrase “a specialised readership” in paragraph 4 mostly means “______”.
A. a requirement for readers in a particular area of knowledge
B. a limited number of readers in a particular area of knowledge
C. a reading volume for particular professionals
D. a status for readers specialised in mass media
Câu 7: The phrase “oral reader” in the last paragraph mostly means “a person who ______”.
A. is good at public speaking B. practises reading to an audience
C. takes part in an audition D. is interested in spoken language




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Câu 8: All of the following might be the factors that affected the continuation of the old shared literacy culture
EXCEPT ______.
A. the inappropriate reading skills B. the specialised readership
C. the diversity of reading materials D. the printed mass media
Câu 9: Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE according to the passage?
A. Reading aloud was more common in the past than it is today.
B. Not all printed mass media was appropriate for reading aloud.
C. The decline of reading aloud was wholly due to its distracting effect.
D. The change in reading habits was partly due to the social, cultural and technological changes.
Câu 10: The writer of this passage is attempting to ______.
A. explain how reading habits have developed B. change people’s attitudes to reading
C. show how reading methods have improved D. encourage the growth of reading

Chọn phương án (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với từ có trọng âm chính nhấn vào âm tiết có vị trí khác với ba
từ còn lại trong mỗi câu.
Câu 11: A. apply B. persuade C. reduce D. offer
Câu 12: A. preservative B. congratulate C. preferential D. development
Câu 13: A. president B. physicist C. inventor D. property
Câu 14: A. economy B. unemployment C. communicate D. particular
Câu 15: A. recommend B. volunteer C. understand D. potential

Chọn phương án đúng (A hoặc B, C, D) để hoàn thành mỗi câu sau.
Câu 16: He’s a very ______ person because he can make other workers follow his advice.
A. creative B. influential C. deciding D. effective
Câu 17: Increasing ______ of fruit in the diet may help to reduce the risk of heart disease.
A. the amount B. an amount C. the number D. a number
Câu 18: - "Why wasn't your boyfriend at the party last night?"
- "He ______ the lecture at Shaw Hall. I know he very much wanted to hear the speaker."
A. should have attended B. can have attended C. was to attend D. may have attended
Câu 19: The doctor decided to give her a thorough examination ______ he could identify the causes of her
illness.
A. after B. so as C. unless D. so that
Câu 20: My computer is not ______ of running this software.
A. able B. compatible C. capable D. suitable
Câu 21: The room needs ______ for the wedding.
A. decorating B. to decorate C. decorate D. be decorated
Câu 22: That hotel is so expensive. They ______ you sixty pounds for bed and breakfast.
A. charge B. fine C. take D. cost
Câu 23: I am considering ______ my job. Can you recommend a good company?
A. to move B. moving C. to change D. changing
Câu 24: I'm sure you'll have no ______ the exam.
A. difficulty passing B. difficulties to pass C. difficulty to pass D. difficulties of passing
Câu 25: - Janet: "Do you feel like going to the cinema this evening?"
- Susan: "______."
A. I don't agree, I'm afraid B. You’re welcome
C. That would be great D. I feel very bored
Câu 26: I’m afraid I’m not really ______ to comment on this matter.
A. qualifying B. qualified C. quality D. qualitative
Câu 27: Today, household chores have been made much easier by electrical ______.
A. utilities B. applications C. appliances D. instruments
Câu 28: The curtains have ______ because of the strong sunlight.
A. faded B. fainted C. lightened D. weakened
Câu 29: The referee ______ the coin to decide which team would kick the ball first.
A. caught B. threw C. cast D. tossed
Câu 30: - Laura: “What a lovely house you have!”
- Maria: “_______.”
A. Of course not, it’s not costly B. Thank you. Hope you will drop in
C. I think so D. No problem

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Câu 31: I accidentally ______ Mike when I was crossing a street downtown yesterday.
A. caught sight of B. kept an eye on C. paid attention to D. lost touch with
Câu 32: How long does the play ______?
A. last B. extend C. prolong D. stretch
Câu 33: The price of fruit has increased recently, ______ the price of vegetables has gone down.
A. whereas B. whether C. when D. otherwise
Câu 34: It is blowing so hard. We ______ such a terrible storm.
A. have never known B. have never been knowing
C. never know D. had never known
Câu 35: When the old school friends met, a lot of happy memories ______ back.
A. had brought B. were brought C. brought D. had been brought

Chọn phương án đúng (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với câu có nghĩa gần nhất với mỗi câu cho sẵn sau đây.
Câu 36: "Why don’t we go out for dinner?” said Mary.
A. Mary suggested a dinner out. B. Mary ordered a dinner out.
C. Mary demanded a dinner out. D. Mary requested a dinner out.
Câu 37: We've run out of tea.
A. There's not much more tea left. B. There's no tea left.
C. We have to run out to buy some tea. D. We didn’t have any tea.
Câu 38: The sooner we solve this problem, the better it will be for all concerned.
A. If we could solve this problem soon, it would be better for all concerned.
B. It would be better for all concerned if we can solve this problem soon.
C. If all concerned are better, we can solve this problem soon.
D. If we can solve this problem soon, it will be better for all concerned.
Câu 39: My friend told me, “If I were you, I would not smoke so much.”
A. My friend advised me not to smoke so much. B. My friend warned me against smoking so much.
C. My friend prohibited me from smoking so much. D. My friend suggested not smoking so much.
Câu 40: "I will let you know the answer by the end of this week,” Tom said to Janet.
A. Tom suggested giving Janet the answer by the end of the week.
B. Tom promised to give Janet the answer by the end of the week.
C. Tom insisted on letting Janet know the answer by the end of the week.
D. Tom offered to give Janet the answer by the end of the week.

Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi câu từ 41 đến 50.
The Sun today is a yellow dwarf star. It is fueled by thermonuclear reactions near its center that convert
hydrogen to helium. The Sun has existed in its present state for about four billion six hundred million years and
is thousands of times larger than the Earth.
By studying other stars, astronomers can predict what the rest of the Sun’s life will be like. About five
billion years from now, the core of the Sun will shrink and become hotter. The surface temperature will fall. The
higher temperature of the center will increase the rate of thermonuclear reactions. The outer regions of the Sun
will expand approximately 35 million miles, about the distance to Mercury, which is the closest planet to the
Sun. The Sun will then be a red giant star. Temperatures on the Earth will become too high for life to exist.
Once the Sun has used up its thermonuclear energy as a red giant, it will begin to shrink. After it
shrinks to the size of the Earth, it will become a white dwarf star. The Sun may throw off huge amounts of
gases in violent eruptions called nova explosions as it changes from a red giant to a white dwarf.
After billions of years as a white dwarf, the Sun will have used up all its fuel and will have lost its heat.
Such a star is called a black dwarf. After the Sun has become a black dwarf, the Earth will be dark and cold. If
any atmosphere remains there, it will have frozen over the Earth’s surface.

Câu 41: It can be inferred from the passage that the Sun ______.
A. is approximately halfway through its life as a yellow dwarf
B. will continue to be a yellow dwarf for another 10 billion years
C. has been in existence for 10 billion years
D. is rapidly changing in size and brightness
Câu 42: What will probably be the first stage of change for the Sun to become a red giant?
A. Its surface will become hotter and shrink. B. It will throw off huge amounts of gases.
C. Its central part will grow smaller and hotter. D. Its core will cool off and use less fuel.
Câu 43: When the Sun becomes a red giant, what will the atmosphere be like on the Earth?
A. It will be enveloped in the expanding surface of the sun.
B. It will become too hot for life to exist.
C. It will be almost destroyed by nova explosions.
D. It will freeze and become solid.

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Câu 44: When the Sun has used up its energy as a red giant, it will ______.
A. get frozen B. cease to exist C. stop to expand D. become smaller
Câu 45: Large amounts of gases may be released from the Sun at the end of its life as a ______.
A. black dwarf B. white dwarf C. red giant D. yellow dwarf
Câu 46: As a white dwarf, the Sun will be ______.
A. the same size as the planet Mercury B. around 35 million miles in diameter
C. a cool and habitable planet D. thousands of times smaller than it is today
Câu 47: The Sun will become a black dwarf when ______.
A. the Sun moves nearer to the Earth B. it has used up all its fuel as a white dwarf
C. the core of the Sun becomes hotter D. the outer regions of the Sun expand
Câu 48: The word “there” in the last sentence of paragraph 4 refers to ______.
A. the planet Mercury B. the core of a black dwarf
C. our own planet D. the outer surface of the Sun
Câu 49: This passage is intended to ______.
A. describe the changes that the Sun will go through
B. present a theory about red giant stars
C. alert people to the dangers posed by the Sun
D. discuss conditions on the Earth in the far future
Câu 50: The passage has probably been taken from ______.
A. a scientific journal B. a news report
C. a work of science fiction D. a scientific chronicle

Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi chỗ trống từ 51 đến 60.
How men first learnt to (51)______ words is unknown; in other words, the origin of language is a
(52)______. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, (53)______ invented certain sounds to express
thoughts and feelings, actions and things so that they could communicate with each other; and that later they
agreed (54)______ certain signs, called letters, which could be combined to represent those sounds, and
which could be written down. These sounds, (55)______ spoken or written in letters, are called words.
Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words that
(56)______ powerfully to our minds and emotions. This charming and telling use of words is what we call
literary (57)______. Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can (58)______ his meaning in words
which sing like music, and which by their position and association can (59)______ men to tears. We should,
therefore, learn to choose our words carefully, (60)______ they will make our speech silly and vulgar.
Câu 51: A. invent B. create C. make D. discover
Câu 52: A. story B. secret C. mystery D. legend
Câu 53: A. whatever B. however C. somewhat D. somehow
Câu 54: A. at B. upon C. with D. to
Câu 55: A. if B. however C. whether D. though
Câu 56: A. interest B. appeal C. attract D. lure
Câu 57: A. prose B. work C. form D. style
Câu 58: A. carry B. convey C. transfer D. transmit
Câu 59: A. take B. send C. break D. move
Câu 60: A. or B. so C. although D. because

Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi chỗ trống từ 61 đến 70.
The heart has long been considered to be (61)______ feelings of love dwell. In love songs throughout the
ages, love almost always goes together (62)______ the heart. The heart has continuously been viewed
(63)______ the place where love begins and develops. Even the Bible gives (64)______ to love and the heart.
The role of the heart in love must come from what happens to it when a person feels strongly (65)______
to someone. The strong feelings (66)______ the other person, especially in the early stages of a relationship,
have the results that the heart starts beating faster and breathing starts speeding (67)______.
According to psychologists, a love relationship is a situation that (68)______ a lot of stress and the body
reacts to this by getting ready to face the unknown. This has been called the "fight or flight" (69)______,
meeting danger by fighting it or running away. So with love, the heart accelerates and (70)______ becomes
quick.

Câu 61: A. when B. where C. that D. what
Câu 62: A. to B. from C. with D. at
Câu 63: A. like B. as though C. as D. as if
Câu 64: A. reference B. citation C. preference D. quote

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Câu 65: A. attracting B. attractive C. attract D. attracted
Câu 66: A. of B. for C. to D. with
Câu 67: A. up B. forward C. on D. upon
Câu 68: A. comprises B. arouses C. involves D. includes
Câu 69: A. reactionary B. reactor C. reaction D. reacting
Câu 70: A. exhaling B. breathing C. inhaling D. sweating

Chọn phương án đúng (A hoặc B, C, D) để hoàn thành mỗi câu sau.
Câu 71: ______, he would have learned how to read.
A. If he has been able to go school as a child B. If he could go to school as a child
C. Were he able to go to school as a child D. Had he been able to go to school as a child
Câu 72: ______, he was determined to continue to climb up the mountain.
A. He felt very tired though B. As he might feel tired
C. Tired as it was D. Tired as he might feel
Câu 73: Having been delayed by heavy traffic, ______.
A. it was difficult for her to arrive on time B. her being late was intolerable
C. it was impossible for her to arrive on time D. she was unable to arrive on time
Câu 74: She regretfully told him that ______.
A. she would leave the tickets at home B. she left the tickets at home
C. she had left the tickets at home D. she would have left the tickets at home
Câu 75: The robbers attacked the owner of the house ______.
A. so that they would appear with the expensive painting
B. and disappeared with the expensive painting
C. but they appeared with the expensive painting
D. so they disappeared with the expensive painting

Chọn phương án (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với từ/cụm từ có gạch chân cần phải sửa để các câu sau trở
thành câu đúng.
Câu 76: Helen likes to listen to music, to go to the cinema, to chat on the phone and going shopping.
A B C D

Câu 77: Both Mr. and Mrs. Smith are explaining the children the rules of the game.
A B C D

Câu 78: You can enjoy a sport without joining in a club or belonging to a team.
A B C D

Câu 79: Unlike many writings of her time, she was not preoccupied with morality.
A B C D

Câu 80: A child of noble birth, his name was famous among the children in that school.
A B C D



----------------------------------------------- ----------- HẾT ----------




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BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO ĐỀ THI TUYỂN SINH CAO ĐẲNG NĂM 2008
Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH, khối D
ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC
Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút.
(Đề thi có 06 trang)

Mã đề thi 378

Họ, tên thí sinh:..........................................................................
Số báo danh:............................................................................
ĐỀ THI GỒM 80 CÂU (TỪ CÂU 1 ĐẾN CÂU 80) DÀNH CHO TẤT CẢ THÍ SINH.

Chọn phương án (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với từ có trọng âm chính nhấn vào âm tiết có vị trí khác với ba từ
còn lại trong mỗi câu.
Câu 1: A. mathematics B. particular C. authority D. community
Câu 2: A. factor B. process C. receive D. proper
Câu 3: A. decision B. possession C. refusal D. politics

Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi chỗ trống từ 4 đến 13.
Around the age of sixteen, you must make one of the biggest decisions of your life. “Do I stay on at school
and hopefully go on to university (4)______? Do I leave and start work or begin a training (5)______?”
The decision is yours, but it may be (6)______ remembering two things: there is more unemployment
(7)______ those who haven’t been to university, and people who have the right (8)______ will have a big
advantage in the competition for jobs. If you decide to go (9)______ into a job, there are many opportunities
for training. Getting qualifications will (10)______ you to get on more quickly in many careers, and evening
classes allow you to learn (11)______ you earn. Starting work and taking a break to study when you are older
is (12)______ possibility. In this way, you can save up money for your student days, as well as (13)______
practical work experience.
Câu 4: A. former B. past C. later D. after
Câu 5: A. school B. term C. course D. class
Câu 6: A. useful B. necessary C. important D. worth
Câu 7: A. among B. between C. of D. through
Câu 8: A. habits B. interests C. skills D. arts
Câu 9: A. instant B. just C. direct D. straight
Câu 10: A. let B. help C. give D. make
Câu 11: A. where B. while C. what D. which
Câu 12: A. again B. also C. another D. always
Câu 13: A. doing B. making C. getting D. taking

Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi câu từ 14 đến 23.
It is hard to think of a world without gas or electricity. Both are commonly used for lighting and heating
today. We now can instantly flick a lighter or strike a match to make a flame. But it was not long ago that
there were no such things as matches or lighters. To make fire, it was necessary to strike a piece of iron on flint
for sparks to ignite some tinder. If the tinder was damp, or the flint old, you had to borrow some fire from a
neighbor.
We do not know exactly when or how people first used fire. Perhaps, many ages ago, they found that sticks
would burn if they were dropped into some hole where melted lava from a volcano lay boiling. They brought
the lighted sticks back to make their fire in a cave. Or, they may have seen trees catch fire through being struck
by lightning, and used the trees to start their own fires.
Gradually people learned they could start a fire without traveling far to find flames. They rubbed two pieces
of wood together. This method was used for thousands of years.
When people became used to making fires with which to cook food and stay warm at night, they found that
certain resins or gums from trees burnt longer and brighter. They melted resins and dipped branches in the
liquid to make torches that lit their homes at night. Iron stands in which torches used to be fixed can still be
seen in old buildings of Europe.


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There was no lighting in city streets until gas lamps, and then electric lamps were installed. Boys ran about
London at night carrying torches of burning material. They were called torch boys, or link boys, and earned a
living by guiding visitors to friends’ houses at night.
For centuries homes were lit by candles until oil was found. Even then, oil lamps were no more effective
than a cluster of candles. We read about the splendors and marvels of ancient palaces and castles, but we
forget that they must have been gloomy and murky places at night.

Câu 14: The word “lighter” in the passage mostly means ______.
A. the energy from the sun, a lamp, etc. that makes it possible to see things
B. a small device that produces a flame for lighting cigarettes, etc.
C. a device that uses electricity, oil or gas to produce light
D. a hot bright stream of burning gas that comes from something that is on fire
Câu 15: To make a fire in times just before the advent of matches, it was essential to have access to ______.
A. flint, iron and dry tinder B. a magnifying glass
C. a burning fire or to possess flint D. a burning fire or to possess iron
Câu 16: The first fire used by people was probably obtained ______.
A. from the sun’s heat through glass B. from heat or fire caused by nature
C. by rubbing wood together D. by striking iron against flint
Câu 17: Torches for lighting were made from ______.
A. tree branches dipped in melted resins B. the wood of gum trees
C. wooden poles dipped in oil D. iron bars dipped in melted resins
Câu 18: Before the electric lamp was invented ______.
A. candles and then oil lamps were used
B. candles and oil lamps appeared about the same time
C. oil lamps and then candles were used
D. people did not use any form of lighting in their houses
Câu 19: The word “splendors” in the passage mostly means ______.
A. things that fill one with surprise and admiration
B. places where a lot of people go on holiday
C. the beautiful and impressive features of a place
D. wonderful things that have been achieved
Câu 20: Which sentence is NOT TRUE according to the passge?
A. A world is impossible without gas or electricity.
B. We can make a fire by striking a piece of iron on flint to ignite some tinder.
C. Matches and lighters were invented not long ago.
D. We know exactly when and how people first used fire.
Câu 21: The word “gloomy” in the passage mostly means ______.
A. badly lit in a way that makes one feel sad B. totally covered with darkness
C. containing a lot of white D. full of light; having the natural light of day
Câu 22: What form of street lighting was used in London when link boys used to work there?
A. Gas lighting. B. Electric lighting. C. Oil lighting. D. No lighting at all.
Câu 23: The best title for the passage could be ______ .
A. The Advantages of Candles B. Different Types of Lamps
C. Fire: Discovery and Uses D. Prehistoric People and Fire

Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A, hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi câu từ 24 đến 33.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the American educational system was desperately in need of
reform. Private schools existed, but only for the very rich. There were very few public schools because of the
strong sentiment that children who would grow up to be laborers should not “waste” their time on education
but should instead prepare themselves for their life’s work. It was in the face of this public sentiment that
educational reformers set about their task. Horace Mann, probably the most famous of the reformers, felt that
there was no excuse in a republic for any citizen to be uneducated. As Superintendent of Education in the state
of Massachusetts from 1837 to 1848, he initiated various changes, which were soon matched in other school
districts around the country. He extended the school year from five to six months and improved the quality of
teachers by instituting teacher education and raising teacher salaries. Although these changes did not bring
about a sudden improvement in the educational system, they at least increased public awareness as to the need
for a further strengthening of the system.
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Câu 24: The best title for the passage could be ______.
A. A Flight for Change
B. American Education in the Beginning of the 19th Century
C. The Beginnings of Reform in American Education
D. Nineteenth - the Century of Reform
Câu 25: The passage implied that to go to a private school, a student needed ______.
A. a lot of money B. a strong educational background
C. good grades D. a high level of intelligence
Câu 26: The word “desperately” in the passage mostly means ______.
A. completely B. partly C. obviously D. urgently
Câu 27: The author of the passage puts the word “waste” in quotation marks because he ______.
A. does not want students to waste their time on education
B. wants to emphasize how much time is wasted on education
C. thinks that education is not really a waste of time
D. is quoting someone else who said that education was a waste of time
Câu 28: According to the passage, Horace Mann wanted a better educational system for Americans because
______.
A. education at the time was so cheap
B. Massachusetts residents needed something to do with their spare time
C. people had nothing else to do except go to school
D. all citizens should be educated in a republic
Câu 29: The word “reformers” in the passage mostly means ______.
A. people who really enjoy teaching B. people who try to change things for the better
C. people who believe that education is wasted D. people who work for the government
Câu 30: The word “citizen” in the passage mostly means ______.
A. a person who works, especially one who does a particular kind of work
B. a person who has the legal right to belong to a particular country
C. a person who works in a particular place
D. a person who lives in a particular city
Câu 31: From 1837 to 1848, Horace Mann ______.
A. worked as a headmaster in a school in the state of Massachusetts
B. managed education in the state of Massachusetts
C. funded many projects to improve the educational system for Americans
D. raised money for the educational development in Massachusetts
Câu 32: According to the passage, which sentence is NOT TRUE?
A. Horace Mann suggested schools prepare children for their life’s work.
B. Horace Mann brought about changes in many schools in the United States.
C. Horace Mann was a famous US educational reformer.
D. Horace Mann began raising teachers’ salaries.
Câu 33: According to the passage, which of the following is a change that Horace Mann instituted?
A. Increased pay for students. B. The matching of other districts’ policies.
C. Better teacher training. D. The five-month school year.

Chọn phương án (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với từ/ cụm từ có gạch chân cần phải sửa để các câu sau trở thành
câu đúng.
Câu 34: Nora hardly never misses an opportunity to play in the tennis tournaments.
A B C D
Câu 35: My mother doesn’t care how much does the washing machine cost because she
A B C
is going to buy it anyway.
D
Câu 36: The British national anthem, calling “God Save the Queen”, was a traditional song in
A B C D
the 18th century.
Câu 37: It is time the government helped the unemployment to find some jobs.
A B C D

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Câu 38: Due of the government’s policy, some farming areas have been abandoned.
A B C D

Chọn nhóm từ hoặc mệnh đề thích hợp (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) để hoàn thành mỗi câu sau.
Câu 39: There were two small rooms in the beach house, ______ served as a kitchen.
A. smallest of that B. the smaller of them C. the smaller of which D. the smallest of which
Câu 40: John contributed fifty dollars, but he wishes he could contribute ______.
A. one other fifty dollars B. another fifty C. more fifty dollars D. the same amount also
Câu 41: _______, they would have had what they wanted.
A. Unless they arrived at the fair early enough B. If they arrived at the fair early
C. Had they arrived at the fair early D. Supposing they were arriving at the fair early
Câu 42: He agreed to sign the contract ______.
A. because he didn’t know much about that company’s director
B. so he didn’t know much about that company
C. in spite he knew much about it
D. although he didn’t know much about that company
Câu 43: John’s score on the test is the highest in the class. He ______.
A. should have studied all the time B. must have studied very hard
C. must have to study well D. should study very hard

Chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) để hoàn thành mỗi câu sau.
Câu 44: If you are not Japanese, so what _______ are you?
A. nationality B. national C. nation D. nationalized
Câu 45: The window was so high up that ______ I could see was the sky.
A. only B. just C. all D. thus
Câu 46: The ______ reason why I don’t want to move is that I’m perfectly happy here.
A. great B. main C. big D. large
Câu 47: Be ______ with what you have got, Mary.
A. satisfied B. interested C. suspicious D. humorous
Câu 48: He arrived late, ______ was annoying.
A. what B. it C. that D. which
Câu 49: I’ve just been told some ______ news.
A. astonish B. astonished C. astonishment D. astonishing
Câu 50: The manager had his secretary ______ the report for him.
A. to have typed B. typed C. type D. to type
Câu 51: They would ______ go by air than travel by train.
A. prefer B. rather C. better D. always
Câu 52: I ______ this letter around for days without looking at it.
A. will be carrying B. carry C. have been carrying D. am carrying
Câu 53: - “Would you mind lending me your bike?”
- “ ______ .”
A. Not at all B. Great C. Yes. Here it is D. Yes, let’s
Câu 54: He looks thin, but ______ he is very healthy.
A. consequently B. actually C. also D. practically
Câu 55: Don’t worry. He’ll do the job as _______ as possible.
A. economically B. economizing C. uneconomically D. economic
Câu 56: I would really ______ your help with this assignment.
A. respect B. take C. thank D. appreciate
Câu 57: Take the number 5 bus and get ______ at Times Square.
A. up B. down C. outside D. off
Câu 58: - “________ detective stories?”
- “In my opinion, they are very good for teenagers.”
A. What do you think about B. Are you fond of
C. How about D. What do people feel about

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Câu 59: Can you keep calm for a moment? You ______ noise in class!
A. are always making B. have always made C. always make D. are always made
Câu 60: ______ entering the hall, he found everyone waiting for him.
A. With B. During C. At D. On
Câu 61: It was not until she had arrived home ______ remembered her appointment with the doctor.
A. when she had B. that she C. and she D. she
Câu 62: - “Has an announcement been made about the eight o’clock flight to Paris?”
- “ _______.”
A. I don’t think that B. Sorry, I don’t C. Not yet D. Yes, it was
Câu 63: If people ______ after their houses properly, the police wouldn’t have so much work to do.
A. have looked B. look C. should look D. looked

Chọn phương án (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với từ có phần gạch chân phát âm khác với ba từ còn lại trong mỗi
câu.
Câu 64: A. final B. widow C. ivory D. writer
Câu 65: A. managed B. threatened C. cleared D. passed

Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi chỗ trống từ 66 đến 75.
Everyone wants to reduce pollution. But the pollution problem is (66)______ complicated as it is serious. It
is complicated (67)______ much pollution is caused by things that benefit people. (68)______, exhaust from
automobiles causes a large percentage of air pollution. But the automobile (69)______ transportation for
millions of people. Factories discharge much (70)______ the material that pollutes the air and water, but
factories give employment to a large number of people.
Thus, to end (71)_______ greatly reduce pollution immediately, people would have to (72)______ using
many things that benefit them. Most of the people do not want to do that, of course. But pollution can be
(73)______ reduced in several ways. Scientists and engineers can work to find ways to lessen the (74)______
of pollution that such things as automobiles and factories cause. Governments can pass and enforce laws that
(75)______ businesses and traffic to stop, or to cut down on certain polluting activities.
Câu 66: A. less B. like C. as D. more
Câu 67: A. though B. because C. so D. while
Câu 68: A. Specific B. Like C. Such as D. For example
Câu 69: A. provides B. takes C. affords D. carries
Câu 70: A. with B. about C. for D. of
Câu 71: A. or B. as well C. then D. and
Câu 72: A. start B. go on C. continue D. stop
Câu 73: A. little B. gradually C. unexpectedly D. carefully
Câu 74: A. number B. figure C. way D. amount
Câu 75: A. forbid B. require C. prevent D. request

Chọn phương án đúng (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với câu có nghĩa gần nhất với mỗi câu cho sẵn sau đây.
Câu 76: Because she was irritated by her husband’s lack of punctuality, she left him.
A. She left her husband because of her irritation with his lack of punctuality.
B. Being irritating by her husband’s lack of punctuality, she left him.
C. Irritating with her husband’s lack of punctuality, she left him.
D. Irritated by her husband, she punctually left him.
Câu 77: We were all surprised when she suddenly came back.
A. All of us found it surprising that she suddenly came back.
B. She was surprised, coming back suddenly.
C. The fact that we were surprised made her come back.
D. All of us were amazing to see her come back.
Câu 78: I can’t help feeling worried about Tom.
A. I cannot help Tom stop worrying. B. I can do nothing to help Tom.
C. I don’t worry about Tom. D. I find it impossible not to worry about Tom.


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Câu 79: Before we can judge a government’s success, we have to decide the criteria, such as unemployment,
defense, or taxation.
A. We cannot decide on criteria on unemployment, defense and taxation unless we have judged a
government’s success.
B. We cannot judge a government’s success without first deciding the relevant criteria, such as
unemployment, defense or taxation.
C. We should judge a government’s success on the basis of the following criteria: unemployment, defense
and taxation.
D. Unemployment, defense and taxation are the criteria upon which we can judge a government’s success.
Câu 80: She usually drinks a glass of milk before going to bed every night.
A. She is used to going to bed before drinking a glass of milk every night.
B. She gets accustomed to a glass of milk before going to bed every night.
C. She is used to drinking a glass of milk before going to bed every night.
D. She used to drink a glass of milk before going to bed every night.

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BỘ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO ĐỀ THI TUYỂN SINH CAO ĐẲNG NĂM 2008
Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH, khối D
ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC
Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút.
(Đề thi có 06 trang)

Mã đề thi 406

Họ, tên thí sinh:..........................................................................
Số báo danh:............................................................................
ĐỀ THI GỒM 80 CÂU (TỪ CÂU 1 ĐẾN CÂU 80) DÀNH CHO TẤT CẢ THÍ SINH.

Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi chỗ trống từ 1 đến 10.
Everyone wants to reduce pollution. But the pollution problem is (1)______ complicated as it is serious. It
is complicated (2)______ much pollution is caused by things that benefit people. (3)______, exhaust from
automobiles causes a large percentage of air pollution. But the automobile (4)______ transportation for
millions of people. Factories discharge much (5)______ the material that pollutes the air and water, but
factories give employment to a large number of people.
Thus, to end (6)_______ greatly reduce pollution immediately, people would have to (7)______ using
many things that benefit them. Most of the people do not want to do that, of course. But pollution can be
(8)______ reduced in several ways. Scientists and engineers can work to find ways to lessen the (9)______ of
pollution that such things as automobiles and factories cause. Governments can pass and enforce laws that
(10)______ businesses and traffic to stop, or to cut down on certain polluting activities.
Câu 1: A. like B. less C. as D. more
Câu 2: A. though B. while C. because D. so
Câu 3: A. Such as B. For example C. Specific D. Like
Câu 4: A. takes B. carries C. affords D. provides
Câu 5: A. of B. with C. for D. about
Câu 6: A. as well B. and C. or D. then
Câu 7: A. go on B. continue C. stop D. start
Câu 8: A. gradually B. little C. unexpectedly D. carefully
Câu 9: A. figure B. number C. way D. amount
Câu 10: A. require B. request C. prevent D. forbid

Chọn phương án (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với từ có phần gạch chân phát âm khác với ba từ còn lại trong mỗi
câu.
Câu 11: A. ivory B. writer C. final D. widow
Câu 12: A. managed B. threatened C. cleared D. passed

Chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) để hoàn thành mỗi câu sau.
Câu 13: Take the number 5 bus and get ______ at Times Square.
A. down B. off C. outside D. up
Câu 14: - “Has an announcement been made about the eight o’clock flight to Paris?”
- “ _______.”
A. Yes, it was B. Not yet C. I don’t think that D. Sorry, I don’t
Câu 15: - “Would you mind lending me your bike?”
- “ ______ .”
A. Great B. Yes. Here it is C. Not at all D. Yes, let’s
Câu 16: If people ______ after their houses properly, the police wouldn’t have so much work to do.
A. should look B. have looked C. looked D. look
Câu 17: He looks thin, but ______ he is very healthy.
A. consequently B. practically C. actually D. also
Câu 18: I’ve just been told some ______ news.
A. astonished B. astonish C. astonishing D. astonishment


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Câu 19: I ______ this letter around for days without looking at it.
A. will be carrying B. carry C. have been carrying D. am carrying
Câu 20: It was not until she had arrived home ______ remembered her appointment with the doctor.
A. that she B. and she C. she D. when she had
Câu 21: I would really ______ your help with this assignment.
A. appreciate B. thank C. respect D. take
Câu 22: Don’t worry. He’ll do the job as _______ as possible.
A. uneconomically B. economizing C. economic D. economically
Câu 23: The manager had his secretary ______ the report for him.
A. to type B. typed C. to have typed D. type
Câu 24: - “________ detective stories?”
- “In my opinion, they are very good for teenagers.”
A. How about B. What do you think about
C. Are you fond of D. What do people feel about
Câu 25: They would ______ go by air than travel by train.
A. always B. prefer C. rather D. better
Câu 26: The ______ reason why I don’t want to move is that I’m perfectly happy here.
A. big B. great C. large D. main
Câu 27: Be ______ with what you have got, Mary.
A. interested B. satisfied C. suspicious D. humorous
Câu 28: The window was so high up that ______ I could see was the sky.
A. just B. all C. thus D. only
Câu 29: He arrived late, ______ was annoying.
A. it B. that C. what D. which
Câu 30: Can you keep calm for a moment? You ______ noise in class!
A. are always making B. are always made C. have always made D. always make
Câu 31: If you are not Japanese, so what _______ are you?
A. national B. nation C. nationality D. nationalized
Câu 32: ______ entering the hall, he found everyone waiting for him.
A. At B. During C. With D. On

Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A, hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi câu từ 33 đến 42.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the American educational system was desperately in need of
reform. Private schools existed, but only for the very rich. There were very few public schools because of the
strong sentiment that children who would grow up to be laborers should not “waste” their time on education
but should instead prepare themselves for their life’s work. It was in the face of this public sentiment that
educational reformers set about their task. Horace Mann, probably the most famous of the reformers, felt that
there was no excuse in a republic for any citizen to be uneducated. As Superintendent of Education in the state
of Massachusetts from 1837 to 1848, he initiated various changes, which were soon matched in other school
districts around the country. He extended the school year from five to six months and improved the quality of
teachers by instituting teacher education and raising teacher salaries. Although these changes did not bring
about a sudden improvement in the educational system, they at least increased public awareness as to the need
for a further strengthening of the system.

Câu 33: The best title for the passage could be ______.
A. A Flight for Change
B. American Education in the Beginning of the 19th Century
C. The Beginnings of Reform in American Education
D. Nineteenth - the Century of Reform
Câu 34: The passage implied that to go to a private school, a student needed ______.
A. good grades B. a high level of intelligence
C. a lot of money D. a strong educational background
Câu 35: The word “desperately” in the passage mostly means ______.
A. urgently B. completely C. obviously D. partly


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Câu 36: The author of the passage puts the word “waste” in quotation marks because he ______.
A. is quoting someone else who said that education was a waste of time
B. thinks that education is not really a waste of time
C. wants to emphasize how much time is wasted on education
D. does not want students to waste their time on education
Câu 37: According to the passage, Horace Mann wanted a better educational system for Americans because
______.
A. people had nothing else to do except go to school
B. all citizens should be educated in a republic
C. Massachusetts residents needed something to do with their spare time
D. education at the time was so cheap
Câu 38: The word “reformers” in the passage mostly means ______.
A. people who try to change things for the better B. people who really enjoy teaching
C. people who believe that education is wasted D. people who work for the government
Câu 39: The word “citizen” in the passage mostly means ______.
A. a person who works in a particular place
B. a person who has the legal right to belong to a particular country
C. a person who works, especially one who does a particular kind of work
D. a person who lives in a particular city
Câu 40: From 1837 to 1848, Horace Mann ______.
A. funded many projects to improve the educational system for Americans
B. raised money for the educational development in Massachusetts
C. managed education in the state of Massachusetts
D. worked as a headmaster in a school in the state of Massachusetts
Câu 41: According to the passage, which sentence is NOT TRUE?
A. Horace Mann suggested schools prepare children for their life’s work.
B. Horace Mann was a famous US educational reformer.
C. Horace Mann brought about changes in many schools in the United States.
D. Horace Mann began raising teachers’ salaries.
Câu 42: According to the passage, which of the following is a change that Horace Mann instituted?
A. The matching of other districts’ policies. B. Better teacher training.
C. Increased pay for students. D. The five-month school year.

Chọn phương án (A hoặc B, C, D) ứng với từ/ cụm từ có gạch chân cần phải sửa để các câu sau trở thành
câu đúng.
Câu 43: The British national anthem, calling “God Save the Queen”, was a traditional song in
A B C D
the 18th century.
Câu 44: Due of the government’s policy, some farming areas have been abandoned.
A B C D
Câu 45: Nora hardly never misses an opportunity to play in the tennis tournaments.
A B C D
Câu 46: My mother doesn’t care how much does the washing machine cost because she
A B C
is going to buy it anyway.
D
Câu 47: It is time the government helped the unemployment to find some jobs.
A B C D

Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (ứng với A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi câu từ 48 đến 57.
It is hard to think of a world without gas or electricity. Both are commonly used for lighting and heating
today. We now can instantly flick a lighter or strike a match to make a flame. But it was not long ago that
there were no such things as matches or lighters. To make fire, it was necessary to strike a piece of iron on flint
for sparks to ignite some tinder. If the tinder was damp, or the flint old, you had to borrow some fire from a
neighbor.


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We do not know exactly when or how people first used fire. Perhaps, many ages ago, they found that sticks
would burn if they were dropped into some hole where melted lava from a volcano lay boiling. They brought
the lighted sticks back to make their fire in a cave. Or, they may have seen trees catch fire through being struck
by lightning, and used the trees to start their own fires.
Gradually people learned they could start a fire without traveling far to find flames. They rubbed two pieces
of wood together. This method was used for thousands of years.
When people became used to making fires with which to cook food and stay warm at night, they found that
certain resins or gums from trees burnt longer and brighter. They melted resins and dipped branches in the
liquid to make torches that lit their homes at night. Iron stands in which torches used to be fixed can still be
seen in old buildings of Europe.
There was no lighting in city streets until gas lamps, and then electric lamps were installed. Boys ran about
London at night carrying torches of burning material. They were called torch boys, or link boys, and earned a
living by guiding visitors to friends’ houses at night.
For centuries homes were lit by candles until oil was found. Even then, oil lamps were no more effective
than a cluster of candles. We read about the splendors and marvels of ancient palaces and castles, but we
forget that they must have been gloomy and murky places at night.

Câu 48: The word “lighter” in the passage mostly means ______.
A. a device that uses electricity, oil or gas to produce light
B. the energy from the sun, a lamp, etc. that makes it possible to see things
C. a hot bright stream of burning gas that comes from something that is on fire
D. a small device that produces a flame for li
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