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Study the following words and then answer the questions. (2 points per question)
Lesson 0.2 Objective SAT Words (Level 11A)
contingency [kuhn-'tin-juhn-see] noun - a contingent event; a chance, accident, or possibility conditional on something uncertain. Syn - emergency, likelihood, predicament. He was prepared for every contingency.
choreography [kawr-ee-'og-ruh-fee, kohr-] noun - the art of composing ballets and other dances and planning and arranging the movements, steps, and patterns of dancers. The couple's choreography is combined with powerful, athletic moves.
trample ['tram-puh] verb - to tread heavily, roughly, or crushingly (usually followed by on, upon, or over). Syn - step on, tread, tramp. Somebody trampled all over my flowerbeds in the night!
maverick ['mav-er-ik, 'mav-rik] noun - Southwestern U.S. an unbranded calf, cow, or steer, especially an unbranded calf that is separated from its mother; a lone dissenter, as an intellectual, an artist, or a politician, who takes an independent stand apart from his or her associates. Syn - nonconformist, individualist; free thinker. She is considered a political maverick.
stride [strahyd] verb - to walk with long steps, as with vigor, haste, impatience, or arrogance. Syn - advance, progress. She strode across the room and demanded to speak to the manager.
petition [puh-'tish-uh] noun - a formally drawn request, often bearing the names of a number of those making the request, that is addressed to a person or group of persons in authority or power, soliciting some favor, right, mercy, or other benefit. Syn - suit, entreaty, solicitation, appeal. More than 2000 people signed a petition to protect a wildlife area from development.
provision [pruh-'vizh-uh] noun - the providing or supplying of something, especially of food or other necessities. Syn - catering, purveying. The provision of good public transport will be essential for developing the area.
martial ['mahr-shuh] adjective - inclined or disposed to war; warlike; of, suitable for, or associated with war or the armed forces. Syn - military, soldierly. Kung fu and karate are martial arts.
tranquil ['trang-kwil] adj - calm, quiet, and peaceful. Syn - peaceful. I lay on the dock under a tranquil blue sky.
Read the following article to find out how the people of Middleboro feel about having a Martial Mavericks concert in their town.
Martial Mavericks Concert Debated
MIDDLEBORO — The Middleboro Town Hall was the scene of a spirited debate Tuesday evening when residents, town officials, local merchants, and rock concert promoter Allan Rhodes met to discuss a proposed Martial Mavericks concert in that town. Town officials had called for a public discussion before voting on the proposed concert.
Conservatively dressed in a grey, three-piece suit, Rhodes, 37, remarked at the beginning of the meeting, “The Martial Mavericks is the most exciting act in show business. Their music and stylized _______1______, borrowed from the _______2______ arts, have made them a ground-breaking cross-over band – their music and their performance are truly one-of-a-kind.”
Although this concert certainly will attract a very large number of people, there should be little difficulty controlling the audience. There is no reason to prevent this concert from happening.”
Next Rhodes outlined his plan to construct a stage on the edge of one of Lawrence Wilson’s cow pastures, with the audience to be seated on the ground. He has agreed to pay Wilson $30,000 for the use of his land, provided Rhodes is granted permission to hold the concert.
A. provision B. choreography
C. maverick D. contingency E. petition
A. martial B. rudimentary C. sublime D. sapphire E. tranquil
Gina Betts, 63, whose farm borders on Wilson’s, responded, “More than a hundred thousand people might attend this concert — a hundred thousand people who will have to travel on a dirt road through my property in order to reach the Wilson farm. Don’t tell me that a narrow dirt road will handle a hundred thousand people and cars! They’ll be _______3______ all over my land and all over your front lawns before they even come to my land!”
Maria Montalvo, 47, President of the Middleboro Chamber of Commerce, spoke next. “This town stands to make a lot of money if Martial _______4______ performs here. Not everyone will be sleeping outdoors on Mr. Wilson’s farm or eating peanut-butter and jelly sandwiches. They’ll pay good money to sleep in a bed and eat good restaurant food. They’ll buy a lot from our stores. Also, if the people see what a lovely town we have here, they’ll come back again and again and keep spending money. The whole town will benefit tremendously from this concert.”
Long time resident Ronald Sirois, 55, took the floor next to voice his objections. “I strongly disagree. I have lived in this small, peaceful town all of my life. It’s a nice town precisely because we don’t have a lot of strangers coming and going all the time. I’m against anything that might change that.”
A. conjuring B. impoverishing
C. spurning D. striding E. tramplimg
A. Mavericks B. Choreography C. Petition
D. Contingency E. Provision
Before Sirois could return to his seat, Linda Wong, 15, a tenth grader at Middleboro High School, _______5______ to the front of the hall and handed the town officials _______6______ in support of the concert. As president of the local chapter of the Martial Mavericks Fan Club, Wong collected 1,236 signatures from high school students throughout the country. Wong told the town officials, “If Martial Mavericks is not allowed to play here, we would have to travel all the way to New York City to see them. That would be too far for most of us to travel.”
A. trampled B. enmeshed
C. strode D. denigrated E. petitioned
A. petitions B. provisions
C. contingencies D. choreographies E. pinnacles
Chairman Richard Duval asked if anyone had any further comments before the town officials prepared to vote on the matter. Police Chief Thomas Scarpetti, 45, made these re-marks. “Trying to crowd more than a hundred thousand people into this small town will cause all sorts of problems. We’ll be running the risk of increased crime. We don’t have enough officers to patrol the concert grounds, never mind the rest of the town. Also, I don’t see where they’ve made adequate _______7______ for feeding these people, or for medical emergencies, or even for plumbing. And what about the weather? They don’t even have a(n) _______8______ plan in case it storms.”
Duval thanked everyone for their comments and the town officials withdrew into executive session to discuss the matter further. A few of the townspeople left, but most stayed behind to wait for the decision. Two hours later, Chairman Duval announced that town officials needed more time to consider all the facts and would meet again on Friday, at 7 p.m., to make a final decision.
A. contingency B. petition
C. maverick D. gradation E. provision
A. contingency B. sapphire
C. provision D. petition E. choreography
9. Maria Montalvo’s perspective is most influenced by her—
A. gender B. education C. occupation D. experience
10. Which of the following might have the greatest influence on the town council’s final decision?
A. Betts intending to sell her property if the council agrees
B. Scarpetti arranging for a local hospital to provide first aid
C. Rhodes showing that two previous concerts have caused no damage
D. Montalvo convincing local restaurant workers to extend their hours
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