Đây là một đoạn trích hay trong BST Đề thi Olympic Tiếng Anh lớp 6 vòng 1 đề thi số 2 năm học 2013. Mời quý thầy cô và các em cùng tham khảo:
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Little did Emma Lazarus know that she would one day be remembered in American history for writing the poem, “The New Colossus.” Read the following passage to learn about the history and importance of this poem.
1 EMMA LAZARUS, WHO LIVED FROM 1849 TO 1887, was a successful writer. By age eighteen, she had already written her first book. Eventually, she published several more. She became most famous, however, for one special poem called “The New Colossus.” The word colossus means gigantic statue.
2 The colossus Emma Lazarus wrote about in her poem was the Statue of Liberty, then ready to be raised in New York Harbor. Although the title of the poem is not well known, the last five lines of the poem are. In them, “Lady Liberty” says:
“Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free.
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore,
Send these, the homeless, tempest-
Tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”
3 Emma Lazarus had good reason for writing those words. In addition to her writing, she was devoted to the cause of helping Jewish refugees from Russia. These people, rejected by their own country, crossed the ocean to America seeking new homes and freedom. They often arrived penniless. Emma Lazarus spent time and money organizing help for these immigrants. She believed strongly in America as a place for people looking for freedom.
4 “The New Colossus” was first read at an event to raise money for building the base of the Statue of Liberty. For the next twenty years, however, the poem was mostly forgotten. Emma Lazarus died not knowing how many people her words would inspire.
5 Then, in 1903, the poem was chosen to be inscribed on a bronze tablet inside the entrance to the statue. Since that time, millions of Americans have read the poem. Its words have helped make the Statue of Liberty known as a symbol of freedom throughout the world.
1. Why do you think the author ended the selection by telling about the symbolism of the Statue of Liberty?
A. To show people the way to New York
B. To explain how long it took to write the poem
C. To describe how the statue was made
D. To emphasize how important the statue is
2. “The New Colossus” is a poem about
A. New York Harbor.
B. The Statue of Liberty.
C. Emma Lazarus.
3. Emma Lazarus was not only a successful writer, she also
A. helped people who were new to America.
B. designed the Statue of Liberty.
C. wrote her poem on a bronze tablet.
D. brought the Statue of Liberty to New York.
4. Although the selection doesn’t say, you can tell that Emma Lazarus was a woman who was
A. tired from writing all the time.
B. the first person to help refugees from Russia.
C. important in the building of the Statue of Liberty.
D. kind and caring about people less fortunate.
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