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Lesson 0.2 Objective Words (Level 6A)
definitely ['def-uh-nit-lee] adv - without question and beyond doubt. Winning the Boston Marathon was ultimately Jeff’s own doing, but he definitely could not have done so without the support of his wife, Marion.
pride [prahyd] noun - a high or inordinate opinion of one's own dignity, importance, merit, or superiority, whether as cherished in the mind or as displayed in bearing, conduct. Evan’s last-second goal made his father swell with pride. His teammates propped him on their shoulders and gave him the trophy to hold while parents took photographs.
subscriber [suhb-'skrahy-ber] noun - a person, company, etc., that pays for a publication or concert series. Elizabeth is a subscriber of the Word For the Day website. She believes that slowly creating a strong vocabulary base is the best way to improve it.
invariably [in-'vair-ee-uh-buhly] adv - without change, in every case. Picking crops was difficult work for Joad. He would start at dawn and invariably by the end of the day his back would be sore, and he would sleep like a rock.
originality [uh-rij-uh-'nal-i-tee] noun - ability to think or express oneself in an independent and individual manner; creative ability. The advertising agency eliminated Geoffrey as a candidate because of his lack of originality. Advertising is about newness and creativity which he seemed to not possess.
aggravate ['ag-ruh-veyt] verb - to make worse or more severe; intensify, as anything evil, disorderly, or troublesome. Daniel had not run a marathon for three years due to his chronicle knee pain. He thought he was ready to try it again last week, but his knee pain came back in the middle of the match and was aggravated toward the end.
tongue twister noun - a word or sequence of words difficult to pronounce, esp. rapidly, because of alliteration or a slight variation of consonant sounds. In class on Monday, Ellen learned that how difficult it was to say ‘she sells seashells by the seashore.’ She stumbled saying the tongue twister for ten minutes until she was finally able to nail it every time.
convey [kuhn-'vey] verb - to communicate; impart; make known. Mary identifies herself as a professional artist and a mother. She blends the two in her paintings to convey a maternal message of love and security.
This article is written by an editor of the magazine Highlights for Children. He offers advice for students who hope to publish their writing, possibly in Highlights...
Editors Are Real People Too
When I was a kid, my favorite part of any magazine I read was always the jokes and riddles. That’s the first section I’d turn to in Highlights for Children or Humpty Dumpty in my annual visits to the dentist’s office. And, as a ____ 1 ____ to Boys’ Life, it’s also the section I often submitted work to, hoping to find myself published.
It never happened. Even when I was sure I’d discovered the funniest joke, told it with perfect timing and sent it off in the mail, I’d ____ 2 ____ see that same joke published (and told better than I had done) a month or two later, attributed to some other kid.
Many years later, after I’d become an editor at Highlights, I realized just how enormous was the competition for space on the pages of those magazines. At Highlights, we receive more than a thousand pieces of mail from our readers each week, and nearly all of those envelopes include work being submitted for publication: stories, poems, drawings, jokes, riddles, ____ 3 ____ and other items. And even though we devote a fair amount of space to kids’ work each month—about five or six pages, on average—it is still only a tiny fraction of that volume that ever gets into print.
Ask any editor at Highlights and they’ll tell you that the single hardest job we have is choosing which pieces of kids’ work to publish. With stacks and stacks of creative writing and drawings to look through each month, how do we determine which pieces should get in? It’s not an easy job.
A. tongue twisters
Let me tell you about the process. First I should say that we don’t expect jokes, riddles or tongue twisters to be original. Of course, as editors, we’ve read most of the more common jokes and such a thousand times, so we probably won’t be as tickled by “Why did the chicken cross the road?” as by a joke we’ve never heard before. But items like these feel somehow like community property, so we’re happy to share a joke that a kid has heard in school or elsewhere.
But when it comes to stories and poems, we seek ____ 4 ____ without fail. Some kids do submit poems that they’ve read or heard elsewhere. Published work is protected by copyright laws, of course, and we wouldn’t want to give someone credit for work that is not their own. We are very careful to have all poems we are considering checked by an expert, but occasionally a poem that’s been copied will slip by us all and get into print. It’s not only embarrassing, but it’s ____ 5 ____ to know that the poem took space that could have been devoted to another child’s original work.
So be original. And be creative.
I love poems and stories that only could have been written by one specific kid. That is, if you’ve had a funny experience with your cat or a deep thought while watching the moon come up, find a way to tell about it that makes it yours alone. The poems or stories that seem to jump out at us as we work our way through a stack are the ones that ____ 6 ____ a child’s very own senses and emotions. The writer’s words help us share that experience. And that makes us want to publish the work.
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