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Choose the best answer for the following questions. (2 points per question)
Lesson 0.2 Objective Words (Level 6B)
destruction [di-'struhk-shuhn] noun - the condition of being demolition; annihilation. The atomic bomb is a weapon that could prove to be the destruction of mankind. Many support nuclear disarmament but without agreement from most countries it will not become a reality.
rubble [ruhb-uhl] noun - broken bits and pieces of anything, as that which is demolished. The church was in rubble after the earthquake. The town came together to raise the money to rebuild it. The pastor was touched by the town’s effort and thanked them all.
verge [vurj] noun - the limit or point beyond which something begins or occurs; brink. Chloe was on the verge of a breakdown after hearing her father had been diagnosed with cancer. Her husband talked to her and helped her cope with the diagnosis.
flammable ['flam-uh-buhl] adj - easily set on fire; combustible. Trucks carrying flammable liquids have to drive carefully. If they get in a wreck it could result in a large explosion.
awning noun - a rooflike shelter of canvas or other material extending over a doorway, from the top of a window, over a deck, etc., in order to provide protection, as from the sun. To beat the heat during the summer, people will put awnings over their porch to create some shade. That way, even at noon they can sit outside and enjoy some lemonade.
chaotic [key-'ot-ik] adj - completely confused or disordered. Jenny’s schedule was chaotic since she started working for the campaign to fight breast cancer. The campaign lasted only four weeks but kept her busy the entire time.
ember ['em-ber] noun - the smoldering remains of a fire. To avoid the dangers of an accidental fire, many campers pour cold water on the embers or cover them in dirt. Keeping our forests safe is important to combat global warming.
desperate ['des-per-it] adj - having an urgent need, desire. Terry was desperate to get to California by Wednesday. Buffalo was experiencing a blizzard, and all the outgoing flights had been canceled. He decided to drive instead of flying.
Over 100 years ago, a great fire swept through a major portion of Chicago.
The Great Chicago Fire
Rain had been scarce that year. When a fierce wind gusted, it carried flames around a big city’s wooden buildings . . . and a great fire was unleashed.
Claire Innes bolted up in her bed. She heard a horse-drawn wagon racing past her house. Now overhearing her father talking to a man in the street, Claire, 12, heard the words “fire” and “big.” Her father didn’t sound worried, though, so Claire drifted back to sleep.
It was the night of October 8, 1871, and no one in their neighborhood in Chicago, Illinois, realized how large the fire was—or how it would soon rip through their lives.
Chicago in 1871 was a big city, bustling with more than 334,000 residents. It was known as the Queen of the West. Grand as it was, Chicago was on the ____ 1 ____ of disaster. Most of its buildings were made of wood. So were the streets and sidewalks. People used candles and lamps for light. ____ 2 ____ hay and straw were inside every barn.
Fires had been common that year because of the dry weather. The Chicago Fire Department was overworked and underequipped. On Saturday, October 7, firefighters began putting out a fire that wiped out four city blocks. It took them 16 hours. By Sunday evening the men were still exhausted. Then, around 8:45, a fire began in the barn of Patrick and Catherine O’Leary.
Human error made a bad situation worse. One firefighter later said, “From the beginning of that fatal fire, everything went wrong!” A watchman on top of the courthouse saw smoke rising from the O’Leary barn on the city’s west side. He assumed it was coming from ____ 3 ____ still burning from the previous fire. When he finally realized a new fire was blazing, he misjudged its location. His assistant sent a message to the fire stations, but he mistakenly directed horse-drawn fire wagons to a location about a mile from the burning barn. When the fire department finally reached the burning barn, its equipment was no match for the fire. The fire hose and the steam-powered water pump were in bad condition from fighting the previous night’s fire.
So the new fire raged on.
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