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Lesson 0.2 Objective Words (Level 7A)
casualty ['kazh-oo-uhl-tee] noun - one who is injured or killed in an accident or war. Battles in the Civil War were grueling and fierce; casualties on the Union side surpassed the Confederate side, but the North had many more soldiers and so was able to replace men at a faster rate.
grieve [greev] verb - to distress mentally; cause to feel sorrow. While Jennifer was having her morning coffee she received the news that her mother had just passed away. She grieved while her friend tried to console her.
intimidate [in-'tim-i-deyt] verb - to make timid; fill with fear. Before workers were allowed for form unions, companies frequently intimidated them by limiting their job security. They were afraid to complain, because they could lose their position.
pastel [pa-'stel] noun - a color having a soft, subdued shade; a kind of dried paste made of pigments ground with chalk and compounded with gum water; the art of drawing with such crayons. Valerie picked a pastel-colored dress to the party, because she did not want to stand out. Parties made her nervous and the less attention she received the better.
inscribe [in-'skrahyb] verb - to mark (a surface) with words, characters, etc., esp. in a durable or conspicuous way. When John returned to the family farm at age fifty, he found the tree where he had inscribed his decree of love for Marylou with a penknife. He was amazed it had lasted all those years.
temperament ['tem-per-uh-muhnt] noun - the combination of mental, physical, and emotional traits of a person; natural predisposition. The Ancient Greeks thought a person’s temperament was caused by an imbalance in one of the four bodily humors. Melancholy, it was thought, was caused by too much black bile.
sculptor ['skuhlp-ter] noun - a person who practices the art of sculpture. Ethan’s newest sculpture was his best to date. He became a sculptor of clay, because he loved the way the material felt in his hands.
conviction [kuhn-'vik-shuhn] noun - a fixed or firm belief. The priest’s unfailing conviction that his faith could get him through any tribulation comforted him at night. There was no obstacle too large for him to overcome.
Have you heard of Maya Lin? From an early age she excelled in mathematics. Never dated nor wore make-up, Lin took college level courses while in high school. She found it enjoyable to be constantly thinking and solving problems, which eventually led her toward a successful career in architecture.
Honoring Our Forgotten Heroes
Architect and ____ 1 ____ Maya Lin stands only 5 feet 3 inches tall. But when it comes to monument-making, Lin is a giant among designers. Lin has built some of the most famous monuments in the United States. She designed the Civil Rights Memorial and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
Lin’s simple designs are not overwhelming. Like her, they do not tower over people or ____ 2 ____ them. Instead, they make people pause and reflect. They also draw out emotions.
Sometimes, Lin’s designs go even further. The Vietnam Memorial, her greatest work, moved an entire country from anger and confusion about a war to tears. But most importantly, the memorial helped the country remember and honor its forgotten heroes. It also helped the country overcome its grief.
Lin was a Yale University senior when she won an open competition to design the national Vietnam Veterans Memorial. It was to be located at the Constitutional Gardens in Washington, D.C. She beat out 1,420 other entrants in the much publicized design competition.
Her winning entry was a series of ____ 3 ____ sketches. It took two weeks to draw after months of study. She walked around the Mall and Constitution Gardens, and studied every detail.
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