Đây là một đoạn trích hay trong BST Đề thi Olympic Tiếng Anh lớp 7 vòng 4 năm 2013:
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Choose the best answer for the following questions. (2 points per question)
European Immigration to America
The year 1900 marked a time that witnessed a mass immigration of people from southern and eastern European countries to America. Before this wave of immigrants, the majority of those living in America had come originally from Northern Europe or the British Isles. The entire character of America was changed by these new immigrants. Some Called the United States the "Great Melting Pot."
Many of the new immigrants landed and stayed in cities like New York after their long trip from Europe. The immigrants had better luck finding work in big cities than in more rural areas, so they settled into city neighborhoods with other from their home countries. The result was that concentrated pockets of immigrants made up their own "little Italys" or "little Germanys." In these neighborhoods, the residents could speak their own language and buy their native foods from stores like those in Europe.
Even though the adults chose to live with others from their home countries, the immigrant children were educated in American public schools. Children from many European countries learned, ate, and played together during the school day. Possibly because of this interaction with others, the immigrant children were quicker to learn English and settle into the American way of life than their parents.
1. Why did immigrants often choose to live in a city neighborhood?
A. Farmland was much more expensive than city land.
B. It was easy for the adults to learn English in the city.
C. They wanted to be near people who had familiar traditions.
D. Most immigrants were from heavily-populated European areas.
2. What was one consequence of the pattern of movement described in the passage above?
A. American culture has been partly shaped by immigrants.
B. Children of immigrants parents always felt like outsiders.
C. Immigrants to America left their native cultures behind.
D. City neighborhoods in the United States were not changed.
3. Considering where they chose to live when they arrived in America, which of the following jobs was probably NOT generally sought by the European immigrants?
A. factory worker B. shopkeeper C. farmer D. maid
4. Which of the following modes of transportation made the movement described in the above passage possible?
A. automobiles B. ships C. airplanes D. trains
5. Which set of dots on the map below represents the most likely places settled first by the immigrants described in the passage above?
When Europeans returned from the Crusades, they brought new foods, trade goods, and ideas back with them. These goods and ideas helped spark Europe’s Age of Exploration.
6. This is an example of how cultures can be changed and enriched through
A. interaction with other peoples.
B. isolation from other peoples.
C. prejudice against other peoples.
D. stereotypes about other peoples.
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