Mời quý thầy cô giáo và các em học sinh tham khảo phần trích dẫn nội dung của đề thi trong bộ sưu tập Đề thi Olympic Tiếng Anh lớp 8 vòng 5 đề thi số 2 năm học 2013 dưới đây:
Chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất cho những câu hỏi dưới đây.
Choose the best answer for the following questions. (2 points per question)
Lesson 0.2 Objective Words (Level 8B)
monument ['mon-yuh-muhnt] noun - any enduring evidence or notable example of something. Philip's impressive salary at the law firm was a monument to his years of top-level training, hard work, and natural intelligence. He will probably become a partner in no time.
mortar ['mawr-ter] noun - a mixture of lime or cement or a combination of both with sand and water, used as a bonding agent between bricks, stones, etc. Jack had been awarded a special summer internship with a masonry company, so he spent most of his days laying brick with a spade and some mortar. Even though the work was physically demanding and he often felt exhausted, he knew that he was gaining valuable experience that would help him get a job in the future.
turquoise ['tur-koiz] noun - an opaque mineral, a basic hydrous copper aluminum phosphate often containing a small amount of iron, sky-blue or greenish-blue in color. Ever since she had opened up her jewelry shop, Jenny was always on the lookout for minerals that would make beautiful necklaces. Just last week she was able to purchase a good deal of elegant turquoise.
plateau [pla-'toh] noun - a land area having a relatively level surface considerably raised above adjoining land on at least one side, and often cut by deep canyons. The rangers had been riding for what seemed like years, and the desert heat was taking its toll on them. Just then, they saw a small shack on a plateau in the distance.
dwindle ['dwin-dl] verb - to become smaller and smaller; shrink; waste away. Tim's enthusiasm for bowling had begun to dwindle since he started this semester of college. He has so much homework that he has no time to spare!
grit [grit] noun - abrasive particles or granules, as of sand or other small, coarse impurities found in the air, food, water, etc. The Porter family had a very nice house, but Jim didn't like showering there because there was always a little grit in the water. The Porters needed a new showerhead.
arthritis [ahr-'thrahy-tis] noun - acute or chronic inflammation of a joint, often accompanied by pain and structural changes and having diverse causes, as infection, crystal deposition, or injury. Mary Stein had lived a very full, interesting life, but in recent years she had been forced to take it easy because of the arthritis in her hands. Last week she went to a joint specialist who told her that with a small surgery and some physical therapy, she may be able to regain full function of her hands; Mary is simply ecstatic.
strain [streyn] noun - a great or excessive pressure, demand, or stress on one's body, mind, or resources. It had been three weeks since football season started, and Cody was already beginning to feel the strain of the workouts on his body. He would need to get plenty of rest!
The Lost People of Mesa Verde
In the dry land of southwestern Colorado a beautiful plateau rises. It has so many trees that early Spanish explorers called it Mesa Verde, which means “green table.” For about eight hundred years Native Americans called the Anasazi lived on this mesa. And then they left. Ever since the cliff houses were first discovered a hundred years ago, scientists and historians have wondered why.
Anasazi is a Navajo word meaning “the ancient ones.” When they first settled there, around 500 A.D., the Anasazi lived in alcoves in the walls of the high canyons. Later they moved to the level land on top, where they built houses of stone and mud ____ 1 ____. As time passed, they constructed more elaborate houses, like apartment buildings, with several families living close together.
The Anasazi made beautiful pottery, ____ 2 ____ jewelry, fine sashes of woven hair, and baskets woven tightly enough to hold water. They lived by hunting and by growing corn and squash. Their way of life went on peacefully for several hundred years.
Then around 1200 A.D. something strange happened, for which the reasons are not quite clear. Most of the people moved from the level plateau back down into alcoves in the cliffs. The move must have made their lives difficult because they had to climb back up to the ____ 3 ____ to do the farming. But it seems the Anasazi planned to stay in the canyon walls, for they soon filled the alcoves with amazing cliff dwellings. “Cliff Palace,” the most famous of these, had more than two hundred rooms.
For all the hard work that went into building these new homes, the Anasazi did not live in them long. By 1300 A.D. the cliff dwellings were empty. Mesa Verde was deserted and remained a ghost country for almost six hundred years. Were the people driven out of their homes by enemies? No sign of attack or fighting, or even the presence
of other tribes, has been found.
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