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Samuel Morse accomplished something that is rarely accomplished: he achieved fame and success in two widely differing areas. Throughout his youth he studied art, and after graduating from Yale University he went on to London in 1811 where his early artistic endeavors met 5 with acclaim. In London he was awarded the gold medal of the Adelphi Arts Society for a clay figure of Hercules, and his paintings The Dying Hercules and The Judgement of Jupiter were selected for exhibit by the Royal Academy. Later in life, after returning to America, Morse became known for his portraits. His portraits of the Marquis 10 de Lafayette today are on exhibit in the New York City Hall and the New York Public Library. In addition to his artistic accomplishments, Morse is also well-known today for his work developing the telegraph and what is known as Morse Code. He first had the idea of trying to develop the telegraph in 1832, on board a ship returning to America 15 from Europe. It took eleven long years of ridicule by his associates, disinterest by the public, and a shortage of funds before Congress finally allocated $30,000 to Morse for his project. With these funds, Morse hung a telegraph line from Washington, D.C. to Baltimore, and on May 24, 1844, a message in the dots and dashes of Morse Code was 20 successfully transmitted.
1. Which of the following is the best topic of this passage?
(A) Samuel Morse's artistic talents
(B) The use of Morse Code in art
(C) The invention of the telegraph
(D) Samuel Morse's varied successes
2. According to the passage, in his early life, Morse concentrated on preparing for which of the following careers?
(A) A career as an inventor
(B) A career as an artist
(C) A career as a telegraph operator
(D) A career developing Morse Code
3. According to the passage, Morse won a prize for which of the following works?
(A) A statue of Hercules
(B) The Dying Hercules
(C) The Judgement of Jupiteronists
(D) A portrait of Lafayette
4. According to the passage, which of the following best describes the development of the telegraph?
(A) It was a long and difficult process.
(B) It happened almost overnight.
(C) Morse's friends were highly supportive of his work.
(D) Money was not an issue in the development of the telegraph.
5. How was the first telegraph message sent from Washington to Baltimore?
(A) A voice was transmitted over the wires.
(B) The telegraph line carried a written message.
(C) The message was in a special code developed by Morse.
(D) Funds were transmitted from Washington to Baltimore.
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